IPL Full Form|History, Facts & Details

The full form of IPL is the Indian Premier League. It is a professional cricket league organized subsequently every year by BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India) & eight teams participate in IPL, like Mumbai Indians, Chennai Super Kings, Kolkata Knight Riders etc.


History Of IPL

Firstly, IPL was started in April 2008 by Lalit Modi, Vice President of BCCI at that time. Rajasthan Royals won the first season in 2008. As the name suggests, the Indian Premier League(ipl full form) is held in India in which players from all over the world participate. Most importantly, players are selected by bidding, on the basis of which the owner of the team bids more than that team, the players play from that team. The names of the IPL teams are given in the name of the cities of India like the name of the capital of India is Delhi & team name is Delhi Capitals, Mumbai City named as Mumbai Indians & Chennai City named as Chennai Super Kings etc.

Founder of IPL

Lalit Modi
Image Source by Getty Images

The name of the founder of the IPL is Lalit Modi who started the IPL in 2008. And he was the chairman of the IPL from 2008 to 2010. Above all, Lalit Modi was also the chairman of the Champions League from 2008 to 2010 and was also the vice president of BCCI from 2005 to 2010. Consequently, the IPL emerged as the biggest sports league in the world with a net worth of $ 4 billion.

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Rules of Indian Premier League(ipl full form)

1)New time limit set

Firstly, under the new time limit, now both the teams are given 90 minutes each in IPL to bowl 20 overs.

2)Strategic Timeouts

Secondly, two strategic timeouts are given to each of the teams in an IPL match, which are of 5 minutes. There is a total of 4 strategic timeouts in an IPL match.


In a match, 11 players play from each side, out of which 7 players are from India and 4 players are from overseas.

4)Minimum Over-rate

Cricket Ball
Image Source by Getty Images

Most importantly, under the minimum over rate, according to the rules of 2021, it has become mandatory to put at least 14.1 overs in an hour.

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Watch IPL Ceremony Here :

Jacqueline Fernandez & Anushka Sharma

IPL 2021 Auction

Further, in IPL, players are bought by bidding, the team owner who has bid the highest, that player plays with that team. However, before the bidding, the base price of all the players who are participating in the auction is fixed and on that basis, the bidding is started. In addition, so far 13 seasons of the Indian premier league(ipl full form) have been completed, the latest bid was just in 2021

IPL Auction
Image Source by Getty Images

In the 2021 auction, Chris Morris was bought by Rajasthan Royals for 16.25 crores, which is the highest in IPL history.

K. Gowtham was bought 46.25 times more than his base price. His base price was 20 lakhs and he was bought by Csk for 9.25 crores.

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Prize Pool of IPL

However, initially, the prize money of IPL was Rs 4.2 Crores in 2008, which was increased to Rs 20 Crores in 2018-19. But in 2020-21 due to the Corona pandemic, it was reduced by 50% to 10 Crores. Now the winning team in 2021 will get 10 crores and the second team will get Rs 6.25 crores. The team at number three will be given 4.3 crore rupees.

Orange Cap(most runs) Winners, Purple Cap(most wickets) Winners & IPL Emerging Player of the tournament get 5 lakhs each.

IPL Prize Money Year-Wise

YearWinners Prize (Rs)Runners-Up Prize (Rs)
202110 Crores6.25 Crores
202010 Crores6.25 Crores
201920 Crores12.5 Crores

Sponsorship of IPL

The first IPL sponsorship was bought by DLF. IPL earns crores of rupees from sponsorship. Currently, the title sponsorship of IPL is given to Vivo, along with this, IPL gets many sponsorships, due to which it does business in crores. Vivo has bought the title sponsor of IPL for 5 years from 2018 to 2022 for Rs 2190 crore.

Currently, the official partners of IPL are Dream11, Unacademy, Safari, Cred & Upstox. The official broadcaster of IPL is Star Sports & the official digital streaming partner is Disney+Hotstar.

  • Title Sponsorship – Vivo
  • Umpire Partner – Paytm
  • Official Broadcaster – Star Sports
  • Official Partners – Dream11, Unacademy, Upstox, Safari, Cred
  • Official Digital Streaming Partner – Disney + Hotstar
  • Official Strategic Timeout Partner – CEAT

Indian Premier League(ipl full form) Teams

Initially, the IPL was started in the year 2008, in which a total of 8 teams play in IPL like Mumbai Indians, Kolkata Knight Riders, Chennai Super Kings, etc. Keep reading this blog to know in detail about IPL teams one by one.

IPL Teams (Winners Year Wise)

S.NoTeamsYear Wise (Won Trophy)
1Mumbai Indians2013,2015,2017,2019,2020
2Chennai Super Kings2010,2011,2018
3Kolkata Knight Riders2012,2014
4Sunrisers Hyderabad2009,2016
5Rajasthan Royals2008
6Delhi Capitals 
7Punjab Kings 
8Royal Challengers Bangalore 

How many matches are there in IPL

A total of 60 matches are played in the IPL. Each team plays two matches against each other, out of which one match is played at its own home ground and the second match is played at the home ground of the opposite team. And, a total of eight teams play in IPL(ipl full form), according to that if each team plays two matches against each other, then (8-1)2 = 14 matches will be played. Out of these 4 teams qualifies for the playoff. The winning team in playoff 1 goes to the final and the losing team joins the winning team in playoff 2.This is how a total of 60 matches are played in IPL.


Total 8 teams participate. Each team plays (8–1)*2 = 14 matches in League Stage

The top 4 teams qualify for playoffs :

IPL  Playoff Match


Meanwhile, to increase the enthusiasm of players in IPL, they are also given awards such as Orange Cap, Purple Cap, Most Valuable Player every year. We will know about it in detail.

Orange Cap

Subsequently, Orange Cap is one of the awards given in IPL, this award is given to the player who scores the most runs in the entire tournament and it started in the year 2008, which is running continuously till 2021. The Orange Cap was first received by Shaun Marsh in the 2008 season, he scored the most runs in the entire tournament.

SeasonPlayer NameTeam NameMatchesRuns
2020KL RahulKXIP14670
2019David WarnerSRH12692
2018Kane WilliamsonSRH17735
2017David WarnerSRH14641
2016Virat KohliRCB16973
2015David WarnerSRH14562
2014Robin UthappaKKR16660
2013Michael HusseyCSK16733
2012Chris GayleRCB15733
2011Chris GayleRCB12608
2010Sachin TendulkarMI15618
2009Matthew HaydenCSK12572
2008Shaun MarshKXIP11616

Purple Cap

Purple Cap’s award is given to the player who takes the most wickets in the entire tournament. First of all, this award was given to Sohail Tanveer in 2008, who was playing for the Rajasthan Royals team.

SeasonPlayer NameTeam NameMatchesWickets
2020Kagiso RabadaDC1730
2019Imran TahirCSK1726
2018Andrew TyeKXIP1424
2017Bhuvneshwar KumarSRH1426
2016Bhuvneshwar KumarSRH1723
2015Dwayne BravoCSK1626
2014Mohit SharmaCSK1623
2013Dwayne BravoCSK1832
2012Morne MorkelDD1625
2011Lasith MalingaMI1628
2010Pragyan OjhaDC1621
2009R.P. SinghDC1623
2008Sohail TanvirRR1122

Most Valuable Player (MVP)

MVP stands for Most Valuable Player, and this award is given to the player who performs the best in the entire tournament. Above all, the Most Valuable Player is determined on the basis of the point system. Firstly, one point is given for taking a dot ball, two and a half points are given for hitting four, and 3.5 points are given for taking a wicket and hitting a six. Most Valuable Player is in a way similar to Man of the Tournament, which was given Man of the Tournament from 2008 to 2012, after which its name has been changed to Most Valuable Player.

SeasonPlayer NameTeam NameTotal Points
2020Jofra ArcherRR305
2019Andre RussellKKR369
2018Sunil NarineKKR379.5
2017Ben StokesRPS270
2016Virat KohliRCB356.5
2015Andre RussellKKR312
2014Glenn MaxwellKXIP286
2013Shane WatsonRR386
2012Sunil NarineKKR**
2011Chris GayleRCB**
2010Sachin TendulkarMI**
2009Adam GilchristDC**
2008Shane WatsonRR**

Emerging Player of the Year

Similarly, Emerging Player of the Year is given to the player who is the emerging player in that season. It is given to promote the new talent. At the beginning of the Indian premier league(ipl full form) in 2008, this award was given to the player who performs best in Under-19.

SeasonPlayer NameTeam Name
2020Devdutt PadikkalRCB
2019Shubman GillKKR
2018Rishabh PantDC
2017Basil ThampiGL
2016Mustafizur RahmanSRH
2015Shreyas IyerDC
2014Axar PatelKXIP
2013Sanju SamsonRR
2012Mandeep SinghKXIP
2011Iqbal AbdullahKKR
2010Saurabh TiwaryMI
2009Rohit SharmaDC
2008Shreevats GoswamiRCB

Fairplay Award in Indian Premier League(IPL full form)

This award is given at the end of every season to the team that deals with the team in front, how it treats the umpire, how it follows the laws of cricket. Firstly, there are 10 points for a match, out of which the behaviour of that team in this match determines how many points out of 10 that team will get like how the team treated with his opponent & on the basis of whether respect each other or not.

SeasonTeam Name

Maximum Sixes Award

Above all, the maximum Sixes Award as the name suggests, this award is given to the player who hits the most number of sixes in the entire tournament. Chris Gayle holds the record for most sixes in IPL history, he has hit 357 sixes so far in just 140 matches.

Chris Gayle
Image Source Google | Image by Flickr
SeasonPlayer NameTeam NameMatchesSixes
2020Ishan KishanMI1330
2019Andre RussellKKR1452
2018Rishabh PantDC1437
2017Glenn MaxwellKXIP1426
2016Virat KohliRCB1638
2015Chris GayleRCB1438
2014Glenn MaxwellKXIP1636
2013Chris GayleRCB1651
2012Chris GayleRCB1559
2011Chris GayleRCB1244
2010Robin UthappaRCB1627
2009Adam GilchristDC1629
2008Sanath JayasuriyaMI1431

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Some Interesting Facts of IPL

  1. Chennai Super Kings is the only team that has played the final 8 times.
  2. Mumbai Indians is the most successful team in IPL history, which has gone to the finals 6 times, out of which a record 5 times have won the IPL title.
  3. Piyush Chawla did not bowl any No ball for 8 years of his IPL career, he put 386 overs in these 8 years, out of which he did not bowl a single No ball.
  4. The first ball in IPL history was bowled by Praveen Kumar and the first ball was faced by Sourav Ganguly.
  5. The first run in IPL history was scored by Brendon McCullum, which was bowled by Praveen Kumar.
  6. Brendon McCullum hit the first four and six in IPL history.
  7. Although captains keep changing in IPL, but do you know there is a team in which the captain has not changed till date, that is Mahendra Singh Dhoni the captain of Chennai Super Kings.
  8. Virat Kohli scored 973 runs in IPL 2016 which is a record in itself.
  9. The first Orange Cap of IPL was given to Shaun Marsh, who scored 616 runs in 11 matches.
  10. Zaheer Khan is the only player who has played 1st match and 500th match of IPL.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1) Which team has won the IPL trophy the most times?

Mumbai Indians have won the IPL title the most times. Mumbai Indians have won this title for a record 5 times which was won in 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019 & 2020

2) Which team has not won the IPL trophy once so far?

Three teams have not won the IPL trophy, out of which the first name comes from Royal Challengers Bangalore, followed by Kings XI Punjab and Delhi Capitals.

3) IPL is the sports league of which country?

India, IPL which we know as the Indian Premier League is a sports league in India.

4) What is the format of IPL?

IPL is a Twenty20 Cricket League.

5) What is the name of the official website of IPL?

The official website of IPL is iplt20.com

6) Which is the most successful team in IPL?

Mumbai Indians

7) Who has the record of scoring the most runs in IPL?

Virat Kohli holds the record for the highest run-scorer in IPL history, he has scored 6076 runs in just 199 matches.

8) Who holds the record for taking the most number of wickets in IPL?

Lasith Malinga holds the record for most wickets in IPL history, he has taken 170 wickets in just 122 matches. Lasith Malinga

9) Who holds the record for hitting the most sixes in IPL?

It can happen that there is talk of hitting sixes and Chris Gayle’s name may not come up. Chris Gayle has hit the record for most sixes in IPL history, he has hit 357 sixes in just 140 matches.

10) Who holds the record for hitting most fours in IPL?

Shikhar Dhawan holds the record for hitting most fours in IPL history, hitting 634 fours in just 184 matches.

11) What is the full form of IPL?

The full form of IPL is the Indian Premier League, an Indian sports league that started in the year 2008.

12) Who is the title sponsor of IPL?

Vivo has bought IPL’s Title Sponsorship.

13) What is the name of the team that played the IPL final most times?

Chennai Super Kings has played the most number of finals in IPL history which has gone to the finals a record 8 times, whose captain is Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

14) Which team has lost the IPL finals most times?

The name of the team that has lost the Indian premier league(ipl full form) final most times is Chennai Super Kings. Chennai Super Kings has gone to the final 8 times, out of which only 3 times the IPL trophy has been won, the remaining five times it has to face defeat.

15) What is the name of the player who has taken the most number of hat tricks in IPL?

Amit Mishra holds the record for most hat-tricks in IPL, he has taken hat-tricks 3 times followed by Yuvraj Singh (2 times).

16) Most Ducks in IPL?

The record for the most number of dismissals on zero in IPL history is in the name of 4 people Rohit Sharma, Harbhajan Singh, Ambati Rayudu, and Parthiv Patel, all of them have been out for Duck 13 times.

17) Who holds the record for most Catches in IPL?

Suresh Raina holds the record for most catches in IPL history, he has taken 102 catches in 197 matches.

18) Who holds the record for winning the Orange Cap most times?

David Warner has won the Orange Cap title the most, he has won the title three times in 2015, 2017 and 2019

19) Which team won the first season of IPL?

Rajasthan Royals won the first title of IPL which was played in 2008 against Chennai Super Kings.

20) Who holds the record for hitting the fastest half-century in IPL?

KL Rahul holds the record for making the fastest half-century in IPL history, he completes half-century in just 14 balls.

21) Who holds the record of hitting the fastest century in IPL?

The record of making the fastest century in IPL history is in the name of Chris Gayle, he achieved this feat in just 30 balls.

22) Who holds the record for scoring the highest runs in an innings in IPL?

The record of scoring the most runs in a single innings is also in the name of Chris Gayle, he single-handedly made 175 runs in a single inning.

23) Who holds the record for bowling most dot balls in IPL?

The record of bowling the most dot balls in IPL history is in the name of Harbhajan Singh. He has bowled 1249 dot balls in 157 matches.

24) How many seasons of IPL have happened so far?

There have been 13 seasons of IPL from 2008 to 2020, 14 season of 2021 was just done but due to Corona, it was stopped which is to happen later in UAE.


Indian Premier League comes like a festival in India and the whole country celebrates it like a festival. During IPL, the whole country watches it sitting at home on their TV, many people watch it on their mobile and many people enjoy it directly from the stadium. At the time of IPL, many times questions of match-fixing also arise on this. The craze of IPL is such in the people that people eagerly wait for it. You can tell us in the comments box whether IPL is right or should it be stopped.

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